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Table 1 Social characteristics of the intervention, control and refusal groups

From: Smoking cessation intervention during pregnancy in a Polish urban community – what is the target population?

Variable Intervention (N = 152) Control (N = 145) Refusal (N = 52)
  n % n % n %
Education       
   Primary or vocational 125 82.2 110 75.9 40 76.9
   (8 or 11 years of education)       
   College or university 27 17.8 35 24.1 12 23.1
   (12 or 17 years of education)       
Marital status       
   Married 73 48.0 86 59.3 18 34.6
   Unmarried 79 52.0 59 40.7 34 65.4
Number of children       
   0 81 53.3 61 42.1 29 55.8
   1 35 23.0 41 28.3 12 23.1
   ≥ 2 36 23.7 43 29.6 11 21.1
Employment status       
   Employed 55 36.2 51 35.2 19 36.5
   Unemployed 97 63.8 94 64.8 33 63.5
Years of smoking       
   <5 45 29.6 45 31.0 19 36.5
   5–10 73 48.0 79 54.5 21 40.4
   >10 34 22.4 21 14.5 12 23.1
No of cigarettes smoked/day       
   <5 10 6.6* 13 9.0 4 7.7
   5–10 65 42.8 82 56.5 27 51.9
   >10 77 50.6 50 34.5 21 40.4
Fagerström test       
   0–6 138 90.8* 143 98.6 46 88.5
   7–9 14 9.2 2 1.4 6 11.5
Husband smoking       
   Yes 130 85.5 111 76.6 46 88.5
   No 22 14.5 34 23.4 6 11.5
Any other household member smoking?       
   Yes 89 58.6* 63 43.4 33 63.5
   No 63 41.4 82 56.6 19 36.5
Smoking in previous pregnancies       
   Primigravidas 76 - 58 - 25 -
   Yes 68 89.5 74 85.1 23 85.2
   No 8 10.5 13 14.9 4 14.8
  1. * statistically significant (p < 0.05) difference in distributions of groups intervention and control.