Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Crude smoking-associated risk of end-stagel renal failure in 144 male patients with IgA-glomerulonephritis or autosomal dominant poly- cystic kidney disease [61]

From: Cigarette smoking: an important renal risk factor – far beyond carcinogenesis

  Cases Controls   95%-confidence intervall  
Pack-years (n, [%]) (n, [%]) Odds ratio   p-value*
0–5 26 [36] 47 [65] 1.0 - -
5–15 17 [24] 11 [15] 3.5 1.3–9.6 0.017
>15 29 [40] 14 [19] 5.8 2.0–17 0.001
  1. * Wald χ2.