Skip to main content

Periodontal disease of secondhand smoking patients


Our cross-sectional study investigated associations of cumulative exposure to secondhand smoke and duration of smoking cessation with periodontitis among family members. Furthermore the effects of other risk factors on these associations were analyzed as well.

Materials and methods

In total 109 patients were analyzed with their full mouth periodontal examination. The groups were divided as current second hand smokers, former second hand smokers and non-smokers. The associations between periodontitis occurrence and potential risk factors was analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis.


The results showed that the rates of periodontitis among nonsmokers, former second hand smokers, and current second hand smokers were 19.5%, 22.3%, 37.4% respectively. We then adjusted the other periodontal risk factors and we found that the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for periodontitis was 2.12 for former second-hand smokers and 3.56 for current second hand smokers.


In summary, not only a significant dose-response relationship between pack-years of second hand smoking and periodontitis presence was observed, but also a significant decrease in the occurrence of periodontitis was observed in second hand smoke stopped group.


The authors declare no conflict of interests and thank their institutes for the support. The skillful technical help of Dr. Elif B. Barto is thankfully acknowledged.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Arzu Beklen.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Beklen, A., Uckan, D. & Memet, G.T. Periodontal disease of secondhand smoking patients. Tob. Induced Dis. 12, A11 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Family Member
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Potential Risk
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Health Psychology