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Table 2 Male and Female demographic, characteristics, tobacco use, and beliefs about hookah smoking harmfulness among hookah users in San Diego.

From: Perceptions of hookah smoking harmfulness: predictors and characteristics among current hookah users

Variable Category Male Female P-Value
   N % N %  
Ethnicity White
African American
Asian
Latino
ME
Other
39
10
15
28
29
10
29.8
7.6
11.5
21.4
22.1
7.6
35
6
9
23
22
4
35.42
6.0
9.1
23.2
22.2
4.0
0.80
Smoke cigarettes Yes
No
37
94
28.2
71.8
27
74
26.7
73.3
0.80
Age 17 - 25
26 - 35
76
20
79.2
20.8
69
6
92
8
0.02
Hookah use Every day
Every week
Every month
Every 6 months
24
45
32
31
18.2
34.1
24.2
23.5
7
36
24
31
7.1
36.7
24.5
31.6
0.09
Hookah harm Less 82 62.6 52 52.5  
compared to cigarettes More 13 9.9 13 13.1 0.31
  Similar 36 27.5 34 34.3