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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of mental illness participants by intervention

From: E-cigarettes versus NRT for smoking reduction or cessation in people with mental illness: secondary analysis of data from the ASCEND trial

Characteristic 21 mg nicotine patch (n = 35) 16 mg e-cigarette (n = 39) 0 mg e-cigarette (n = 12)
Mean age 41 (11) 46 (11) 46 (14)
Female gender 69% (24) 67% (26) 59% (7)
Mean Fagerstrom score 6.5 (2.0) 6.6 (1.7) 5.1 (2.4)
Reported antidepressant use 69% (24) 77% (30) 83% (10)
Reported antipsychotic use 29% (10) 23% (9) 42% (5)
Reported anxiolytic use 6% (2) 13% (5) 8% (1)
Reported hypnosedative use 9% (3) 15% (6) 25% (3)
Reported drugs for addictive disorders use 3% (1) 3% (1) 8% (1)
  1. Data are mean (SD) or % (n).