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Table 4 Factors associated with the belief that pharmacological products are effective for smoking cessation, Guangxi, China 2013

From: Chinese pediatrician beliefs about counseling and medications for parents who smoke: a survey in southern China

Variables Agree/strongly agree Disagree/strongly disagree χ 2 P value
n (%) n (%)
Total 266 (53) 238 (47)   
Gender     
Male 86 (47) 96 (53) 3.489 0.062
Female 180 (56) 142 (44)
Ages     
20-30 107 (50) 108 (50) 3.756 0.289
31-40 93 (59) 66 (41)
41-50 43 (48) 46 (52)
Above 50 23 (56) 18 (44)
Physician type     
Resident Physician 116 (52) 107 (48) 3.392 0.335
Attending Physician 84 (56) 67 (44)
Associate Chief Physician 49 (56) 39 (44)
Chief Physician 17 (41) 25 (59)
Number of years studied at medical school     
1-5 Years 207 (53) 181 (47) 0.222 0.638
More than 5 years 59 (51) 57 (49)
Smoking status     
Current smoker 42 (51) 40 (49) 0.251 0.616
Nonsmoker 217 (54) 183 (46)
Use other forms of tobacco     
No 251 (52) 229 (48) 0.956 0.328
Yes 15 (63) 9 (37)
Heard about e-cigarettes     
No 88 (49) 90 (51) 1.231 0.267
Yes 178 (55) 148 (45)
Exposed to SHS regularly     
No 124 (50) 123 (50) 0.843 0.358
Yes 115 (55) 96 (45)
Received cigarettes as gift or gave cigarettes as gifts to others     
No 225 (53) 198 (47) 0.181 0.671
Yes 41 (51) 40 (49)
Hospital have any policy to advise smokers to quit     
No 106 (48) 113 (52) 2.976 0.085
Yes 160 (56) 125 (44)
Received formal training in smoking cessation     
No 199 (50) 200 (50) 6.716 0.010
Yes 62 (65) 34 (35)
Have read China smoking cessation guidelines     
No 172 (53) 150 (47) 11.538 0.003
Yes 51 (66) 26 (34)
Never heard about it 43 (41) 62 (59)
Have read international (i.e. US, UK) smoking cessation guidelines     
No 193 (54) 166 (46) 2.711 0.258
Yes 22 (61) 14 (39)
Never heard about it 51 (47) 58 (53)
Other international Guidelines are useful     
No 3 (75) 1 (25) 3.972 0.137
Yes 20 (65) 11 (35)
Not sure 1 (20) 4 (80)
Believe about the professional responsibility to discuss smoking cessation     
Pediatricians 115 (50) 114 (50) 6.821 0.078
Nurses 82 (51) 78 (49)
The parent’s primary care doctor 209 (55) 170 (45)
Others: 64 (43) 86 (57)
Level of confidence discussing smoking cessation or SHS exposure reduction with patients’ parents     
Not at all confident 25 (38) 41 (62) 6.764 0.009
Very/Somewhat confident 241 (55) 197 (45)
Believe pediatricians can help patients’ parents to stop smoking     
Agree/strongly agree 188 (67) 93 (33) 50.849 0.000
Disagree/strongly disagree 78 (35) 145 (65)
I am not familiar with the guidelines for stop smoking     
Agree/strongly agree 166 (54) 143 (46) 0.286 0.593
Disagree/strongly disagree 100 (51) 95 (49)
Smoking cessation counseling for my patients’ parents is not an efficient use of my time     
Agree/strongly agree 130 (51) 126 (49) 0.832 0.362
Disagree/strongly disagree 136 (55) 112 (45)
I am unaware of the best strategies for helping my patients’ parents to stop smoking     
Agree/strongly agree 169 (54) 144 (46) 0.490 0.484
Disagree/strongly disagree 97 (50) 94 (50)
Advise patients who smoke to avoid smoking around children     
Agree/strongly agree 258 (55) 211 (45) 13.510 0.000
Disagree/strongly disagree 8 (23) 27 (77)
Health professionals should routinely ask about their patients smoking habits     
Agree/strongly agree 237 (59) 166 (41) 29.351 0.000
Disagree/strongly disagree 29 (29) 72 (71)
Heath professionals should routinely advise their smoking patients to quit smoking     
Agree/strongly agree 241 (61) 157 (39) 45.900 0.000
Disagree/strongly disagree 25 (24) 81 (76)
My current knowledge is sufficient for helping patients to stop smoking     
Agree/strongly agree 64 (74) 23 (26) 18.228 0.000
Disagree/strongly disagree 202 (48) 215 (52)
I can assess a smoker’s different stages of readiness to quit     
Agree/strongly agree 55 (67) 27 (33) 8.137 0.004
Disagree/strongly disagree 210 (50) 211 (50)