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Table 1 Percentage distribution of background characteristics of deaths from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases

From: A retrospective analysis of the association between tobacco smoking and deaths from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the Kassena-Nankana districts of Northern Ghana

Variable Number Respiratory diseases Cardiovascular diseases
(%)
N=3,492 n (%) n (%)
Smoking status    
Smokers 1,106 (31.7) 184 (16.6) 118 (10.7)
Non-smokers 2,386 (68.3) 193 (8.1) 253 (10.6)
Age group    
15-29 560 (16.0) 33 (5.9) 19 (3.4)
30-49 1,604 (45.9) 160 (10.0) 137 (8.5)
50-59 1,328 (38.0) 184 (13.9) 215 (16.2)
Sex    
Female 1,367 (39.2) 116 (8.5) 151 (11.1)
Male 2,125 (60.9) 261 (12.3) 220 (10.4)
Education    
No education 1,584 (45.4) 175 (11.1) 194 (12.3)
Primary/JSS 1,336 (38.3) 150 (11.2) 108 (8.1)
Secondary/tertiary 391 (11.2) 30 (7.7) 51 (13.0)
Missing 180(5.2) 22 (12.2) 18 (10.0)
Place of residence    
Rural 2,970 (85.1) 340 (11.5) 302 (10.2)
Urban 522 (15.90) 37 (7.1) 69 (13.2)
Socio-economic status    
Poorest 751 (21.6) 85 (11.3) 77 (10.2)
Poorer 729 (21.0) 87 (11.9) 71 (9.7)
Poor 749 (21.6) 100 (13.4) 69 (9.2)
Less poor 763 (22.0) 70 (9.2) 83 (10.9)
Least poor 483 (13.9) 4 (7.0) 69 (14.3)
Frequency of smoking    
Chain or hourly smoking 177 (5.1) 37 (20.9) 17 (9.6)
Daily smoking 858 (24.6) 138 (16.1) 90 (10.5)
Occasional smoking 71 (2.0) 9 (12.7) 11 (15.5)
No smoking 2,386 (68.3) 193 (8.1) 253 (10.6)
Duration of smoking    
1-5 years 531 (15.2) 81 (15.3) 62 (11.7)
6-15 years 73 (2.1) 11 (15.1) 8 (11.0)
>15 years 502 (14.4) 92 (18.3) 48 (9.6)
Non-smokers 2,386 (68.3) 193 (8.1) 253 (10.6)
Total 3,492 377 (10.8) 371 (10.6)