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Table 2 Behavioural, belief, environmental and motivational factors associated with Wave 2 quit status, ITC Bangladesh (weighted results)

From: Predictors of smoking cessation behavior among Bangladeshi adults: findings from ITC Bangladesh survey

  Wave 2 quit status  
  Did not try to quit Tried, unsuccessful Quit successfully  
  Freq. % Freq. % Freq. % Rao-Scott χ2 DF p value
Smoking behaviours
Type of smoker
Exclusively cigarettes 1220 74.6 368 21.6 68 3.8 0.40 2 0.818
Dual user 159 77.6 38 19.6 8 2.8    
Any tobacco use
Cigarettes & other smoked or smokeless 161 77.8 38 19.4 8 2.8 1.80 4 0.772
Cigarettes & smokeless 227 73.2 80 21.6 20 5.2    
Exclusively cigarettes 991 75.0 288 21.6 48 3.4    
Cigarettes/day
<= 10/day 945 74.2 278 21.8 59 4.0 2.43 4 0.658
11-20/day 337 75.2 109 21.7 14 3.1    
21+/day 66 82.9 16 16.4 2 0.7    
Quit recency
Never tried to quit 896 78.6 214 17.9 42 3.5 25.67 4 <0.001
Recently (in last 6 months) 161 66.7 67 27.2 15 6.1    
Not so recently (6 months ago or earlier) 293 68.9 121 28.6 16 2.5    
Quit beliefs
Self-rated health
Poor/average health 633 72.2 202 24.3 35 3.5 5.97 2 0.051
Good/excellent health 744 77.4 204 18.7 41 3.8    
Perceived addiction
Not addicted 128 65.4 42 28.4 12 6.2 8.46 4 0.076
Somewhat addicted 833 74.7 254 21.8 46 3.5    
Very addicted 408 78.4 107 18.4 17 3.2    
Quit intentions
No plan to quit 682 79.8 169 17.5 25 2.6 33.34 4 <0.001
Sometime in the future 437 67.1 181 29.3 31 3.6    
Within the next 6 months 134 70.8 40 21.5 12 7.7    
Environmental factors
Total smokers in home
1 365 75.7 91 20.5 22 3.8 1.45 4 0.835
2 724 75.1 217 21.0 41 3.9    
3 or more 290 73.6 98 23.5 13 2.9    
Cessation support
No advice 1213 75.6 354 20.9 62 3.5 2.55 2 0.279
Advice/information/referral to quit 166 69.5 52 25.4 14 5.1    
Workplace smoking restrictions
No restrictions 205 74.5 70 22.2 8 3.3 1.95 4 0.745
Partial/complete restrictions 181 72.0 64 24.9 9 3.1    
Does not work indoors/does not work 964 75.7 258 20.3 59 4.0    
Smoking restrictions in the home
No restrictions 527 75.6 163 21.2 28 3.1 4.14 4 0.388
Partial restrictions 213 80.7 54 17.0 8 2.4    
Completely banned 610 72.0 185 23.6 38 4.4    
Motivational factors
Overall opinion towards cigarette smoking
Good/neutral 66 77.7 13 17.4 5 4.9 1.31 4 0.860
Bad 1019 74.9 305 21.7 50 3.4    
Very bad 286 74.2 87 21.5 21 4.3    
Overall opinion towards bidi smoking
Good/neutral 35 85.8 7 12.5 1 1.7 4.73 4 0.316
Bad 875 76.1 244 20.4 42 3.5    
Very bad 462 72.1 153 23.7 33 4.2