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Table 2 Stepwise modified Poisson regression models of menthol use associated with current anxiety among n = 9720 (weighted) young adults

From: Menthol tobacco use is correlated with mental health symptoms in a national sample of young adults: implications for future health risks and policy recommendations

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Demographics Demographics, tobacco, and substance use Demographics, tobacco, substance use and menthol use
Predictors APR (95 % CI) p APR (95 % CI) p APR (95 % CI) p
Age          
 18-24 Reference    Reference    Reference   
 25-34 1.03 (0.91, 1.15) 0.679 1.03 (0.92, 1.16) 0.609 1.03 (0.92, 1.16) 0.598
Gender          
 Male Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Female 1.32 (1.18, 1.49) 0.000 1.41 (1.25, 1.58) 0.000 1.40 (1.24, 1.57) 0.000
Race          
 White, non-Hispanic Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Black, non-Hispanic 0.95 (0.77, 1.16) 0.603 0.95 (0.78, 1.17) 0.644 0.94 (0.76, 1.14) 0.515
 Other, non-Hispanic 1.17 (0.97, 1.42) 0.106 1.19 (0.99, 1.43) 0.071 1.18 (0.98, 1.42) 0.087
 Hispanic 0.92 (0.80, 1.07) 0.284 0.96 (0.83, 1.11) 0.594 0.96 (0.83, 1.10) 0.532
Education          
 Less than high school 1.17 (0.97, 1.42) 0.106 1.07 (0.90, 1.29) 0.439 1.07 (0.89, 1.28) 0.469
 High school 1.02 (0.89, 1.16) 0.799 0.98 (0.86, 1.12) 0.748 0.98 (0.86, 1.12) 0.754
 At least some college Reference    Reference    Reference   
Financial Situation          
 Does not meet basic expenses 2.19 (1.85, 2.61) 0.000 2.01 (1.69, 2.38) 0.000 2.00 (1.69, 2.37) 0.000
 Just meets basic expenses 1.53 (1.35, 1.73) 0.000 1.48 (1.32, 1.68) 0.000 1.49 (1.32, 1.68) 0.000
 Meets needs with a little left Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Lives comfortably 0.83 (0.71, 0.97) 0.022 0.84 (0.72, 0.97) 0.021 0.84 (0.72, 0.97) 0.021
Past 30 day tobacco use -- -- -- 1.43 (1.27, 1.61) 0.000 1.32 (1.15, 1.50) 0.000
Current alcohol use -- -- -- 1.01 (0.91, 1.13) 0.818 1.01 (0.91, 1.13) 0.828
Current marijuana use -- -- -- 1.42 (1.24, 1.62) 0.000 1.42 (1.24, 1.63) 0.000
Current other drug use -- -- -- 2.26 (1.90, 2.68) 0.000 2.22 (1.87, 2.64) 0.000
Past 30 day menthol tobacco use -- -- -- -- -- -- 1.20 (1.02, 1.42) 0.029
Study Wave 1.02 (0.99, 1.04) 0.164 1.01 (0.99, 1.04) 0.208 1.01 (0.99, 1.03) 0.242
  1. Note. APR Adjusted Poisson Regression. Wave is centered on first wave. Any individual missing data on a covariate was excluded
  2. Those with missing data on alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drug use (<2 %) were defined as non-current users
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