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Table 3 Stepwise modified Poisson regression models of menthol use associated with current depression among n = 9720 (weighted) young adults

From: Menthol tobacco use is correlated with mental health symptoms in a national sample of young adults: implications for future health risks and policy recommendations

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Demographics Demographics, tobacco, and substance use Demographics, tobacco, substance use, and menthol use
Predictors APR (95 % CI) p APR (95 % CI) p APR (95 % CI) p
Age          
 18-24 Reference    Reference    Reference   
 25-34 1.00 (0.88, 1.12) 0.948 1.01 (0.89, 1.13) 0.907 1.01 (0.89, 1.13) 0.898
Gender          
 Male Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Female 1.18 (1.04, 1.33) 0.008 1.24 (1.10, 1.40) 0.000 1.23 (1.09, 1.39) 0.001
Race          
 White, non-Hispanic Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Black, non-Hispanic 1.17 (0.97, 1.42) 0.097 1.18 (0.98, 1.41) 0.079 1.15 (0.96, 1.39) 0.136
 Other, non-Hispanic 1.38 (1.12, 1.70) 0.002 1.39 (1.13, 1.71) 0.002 1.38 (1.12, 1.69) 0.002
 Hispanic 1.18 (1.01, 1.37) 0.036 1.21 (1.05, 1.41) 0.009 1.21 (1.04, 1.40) 0.012
Education          
 Less than high school 1.18 (0.98, 1.43) 0.083 1.10 (0.91, 1.31) 0.330 1.09 (0.91, 1.31) 0.366
 High school 1.19 (1.04, 1.37) 0.011 1.15 (1.01, 1.32) 0.034 1.15 (1.01, 1.32) 0.033
 At least some college Reference    Reference    Reference   
Financial Situation          
 Does not meet basic expenses 2.29 (1.92, 2.72) 0.000 2.11 (1.78, 2.51) 0.000 2.11 (1.78, 2.50) 0.000
 Just meet basic expenses 1.48 (1.30, 1.68) 0.000 1.44 (1.27, 1.64) 0.000 1.44 (1.27, 1.64) 0.000
 Meet needs with a little left Reference    Reference    Reference   
 Live comfortably 0.87 (0.73, 1.03) 0.097 0.87 (0.74, 1.02) 0.087 0.87 (0.74, 1.02) 0.086
Past 30 day tobacco use -- -- -- 1.33 (1.17, 1.51) 0.000 1.21 (1.04, 1.41) 0.015
Current alcohol use -- -- -- 0.96 (0.86, 1.08) 0.539 0.96 (0.86, 1.08) 0.521
Current marijuana use -- -- -- 1.48 (1.28, 1.71) 0.000 1.49 (1.29, 1.71) 0.000
Current other drug use -- -- -- 2.12 (1.75, 2.57) 0.000 2.07 (1.71, 2.52) 0.000
Past 30 day menthol tobacco use -- -- -- -- -- -- 1.24 (1.03, 1.50) 0.021
Study Wave 0.99 (0.96, 1.01) 0.213 0.98 (0.96, 1.01) 0.147 0.98 (0.96, 1.00) 0.121
  1. Note. APR Adjusted Poisson Regression. Wave is centered on first wave. Any individual missing data on a covariate was excluded. Those with missing data on alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drug use (<2 %) were defined as non-current users
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