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Table 1 Sample Characteristics (n = 436)

From: An experimental study of the effects of electronic cigarette warnings on young adult nonsmokers’ perceptions and behavioral intentions

  Mean (SD) or % (n)
Age (M, SD) 25.0 (3.2)
Gender (%, n)  
 Male 55.3 % (241)
 Female 44.7 % (195)
Race (%, n)  
 Black/African American 6.0 % (26)
 White 81.4 % (354)
 Other 12.7 % (55)
Hispanic ethnicity (%, n) 10.6 % (46)
College/University student (%, n)  
 Current student 36.6 % (159)
 Non-student 63.5 % (276)
Education (%, n)  
  < High school 1.2 % (5)
 High school grad or GED 6.4 % (28)
 Some college 46.7 % (203)
 College degree or higher 45.8 % (199)
Employment (%, n)  
 Not employed 25.2 % (110)
 Full time employed 52.1 % (227)
 Part time employed 22.7 % (99)
Annual household income (%, n)  
  < $20,000 21.6 % (94)
 $20,001–$35,000 22.7 % (99)
 $35,001–$50,000 21.3 % (93)
 $50,001–$75,000 19.5 % (85)
  > $75,000 13.3 % (58)
 Prefer not to say 1.6 % (7)
Cigarette smoking (%, n)  
 Never smoked 40.1 % (175)
 Tried smoking 36.2 % (158)
 Experimented 23.6 % (103)
Past 30 day use of other tobacco products (%, n)  
 Yes 10.6 % (46)
 No 89.5 % (390)
Ever used e-cigarettes (%, n)  
 Yes 32.3 % (141)
 No 67.7 % (295)
E-cigarette advertising exposure (M, SD, range 1 to 5) 3.1 (0.78)