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Table 3 Summary of Cox model among 2969 Black, Latino and White Older Adults (age >50 at baseline) who were current smokers at baseline adjusting for cigarettes per day (year 1992)

From: Latino and Black smokers in the Health and Retirement Study are more likely to quit: the role of light smoking

  Cessation 10 years Cessation 20 years
  HR(SE) 95 % CI HR(SE) 95 % CI
Race/ethnicity     
 White (referent)     
 Black 0.95 (0.09) 0.78–1.16 0.97 (0.10) 0.80–1.19
 Latino 1.24 (0.17) 0.95–1.63 1.21 (0.15) 0.94–1.56
Gender     
 Men (referent)     
 Women 0.84 (0.05)** 0.74–0.94 0.85 (0.05)** 0.75–0.96
Age group at baseline     
 50–59 years (referent)     
 60+ years 1.28 (0.13)* 1.04–1.57 1.19 (0.11) 0.99–1.43
Education at baseline     
  < High school (referent)     
 High school or more 1.23 (0.11)* 1.03–1.46 1.16 (0.10) 0.98–1.37
Marital Status at baseline     
 Married (referent)     
 Formerly married 0.95 (0.09) 0.79–1.14 0.94 (0.09) 0.78–1.14
 Never Married 0.62 (0.15) 0.38–1.02 0.73 (0.15) 0.49–1.10
Count of chronic medical conditions (continuous) 1.08 (0.03)* 1.01–1.15 1.08 (0.03)** 1.02–1.13
Average number of cigarettes smoked per day (continuous) 0.98 (0.01)*** 0.97–0.98 0.98 (0.01)*** 0.97–0.98
Drinking Frequency per day at baseline     
 None (referent)     
 1-2 drinks per day 0.95 (0.06) 0.84–1.08 0.99 (0.05) 0.89–1.11
  > 2 drinks per day 0.66 (0.08)** 0.51–0.85 0.71 (0.08)** 0.57–0.90
Depressive Symptoms: CESD-8 score (range 0–8)     
 Score <4 (referent)     
 Score ≥4 1.14 (0.09) 0.98–1.34 1.13 (0.06)* 1.01–1.26
  1. *P < 0.05 ** P < 0.01 ***P < 0.001