Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of men’s smoking status reported by their wives

From: A neglected opportunity for China’s tobacco control? Shift in smoking behavior during and after wives’ pregnancy

Characteristics Nonsmokers (n = 403) Smokers (n = 362) P Value
No. % No. %  
Age (years)
 < 30 111 27.5 104 28.7 0.326
 30–35 230 57.1 199 54.9  
 35+ 62 15.4 59 16.2  
Education
 Secondary School or Less 55 13.6 95 26.2 <0.0001
 High School Graduate 65 16.1 101 27.9  
 College Graduate 160 39.7 112 30.9  
 Above college 123 30.5 54 14.9  
Residence
 Shanghai 207 51.4 134 37.0 <0.0001
 Non-Shanghai 196 48.6 228 63.0  
Study site
 District 1 171 42.4 176 48.6 0.086
 District 2 232 57.6 186 51.4  
Household income/M (CNY)ab
 < 5000 105 26.6 140 39.5 <0.0001
 5000–10000 119 30.1 121 34.2  
 10000+ 171 43.3 93 26.3  
Counseling received during pregnancy
 Yes 286 71.0 249 68.8 0.511
 No 117 29.0 113 31.2  
  1. aHousehold income per month, 1 USD = 6.2 CNY
  2. bMissing value = 16
\