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Table 3 Detailed smokeless tobacco use status by Gender, Borena zone, Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia, 2015

From: Prevalence and factors that influence smokeless tobacco use among adults in pastoralist communities of Borena Zone, Ethiopia: mixed method study

Current smokeless tobacco status Overall Male Female
  No (%) N (%) N (%)
Current smokeless tobacco user Daily user 210 33.1 131 (20.7) 79 (12.4)
Occasional user 77 12.1 46 (7.2) 31 (4.9)
Occasional user Occasional user, formerly daily 25 3.9 12 (1.9) 13 (2.0)
Occasional user, never daily 52 8.2 34 (5.4) 18 (2.8)
Current non-user of smokeless tobacco Former daily user 12 1.9 6 (0.9) 6 (0.9)
Former occasional user 12 1.9 11 (1.7) 1 (0.2)
Never smokeless user 323 50.9 220 (34.7) 103 (16.2)
For currently daily users: Age at SLT use debut? <25 years 146 69.5 93 (44.3) 53 (25.2)
25–30 year 17 8.1 17 (8.1) 0 (0.0)
>30 year 11 5.2 4 (1.9) 7 (3.3)
I don’t remember 36 17.1 17 (8.1) 19 (9.0)
For currently daily users: How soon after you wake up do you usually use smokeless tobacco for the first time? Within 5 min 28 13.3 22 (10.5) 6 (2.9)
6 to 30 min 103 49.0 70 (33.3) 33 (15.7)
31 to 60 min 35 16.7 16 (7.6) 19 (9.0)
More than 60 min 44 21.0 23 (11.0) 21 (10.0)
For currently daily users: On average, how many times a day do you use the following products? Chewing tobacco 2 4 1.9 2 (1.0) 2 (1.0)
3 11 5.2 5 (2.4) 6 (2.9)
4 15 7.1 9 (4.3) 6 (2.9)
5 13 6.2 7 (3.3) 6 (2.9)
>5 167 79.5 108 (51.4) 59 (28.1)
For occasional user: How many times a week do you usually use the following products? Chewing tobacco 2 8 10.4 6 (7.8) 2 (2.6)
3 25 32.5 18 (23.4) 7 (9.1)
4 27 35.1 13 (16.9) 14 (18.2)
5 5 6.5 2 (2.6) 3 (3.9)
>5 12 15.6 7 (9.1) 5 (6.5)
For currently SLT users: family members using SLT? Yes 144 50.2 88 (30.7) 56 (19.5)
No 143 49.8 89 (31.0) 54 (18.8)
For currently SLT users: close friends smoke or chew tobacco? Yes 231 80.5 148 (51.6) 83 (28.9)
No 56 19.5 29 (10.1) 27 (9.4)
For currently SLT users: In addition to chewing or snuffing or applying SLT, do you smoke cigarette Yes 80 27.9 57 (19.9) 23 (8.0)
No 207 72.1 120 (41.8) 87 (30.3)
For currently SLT users: During the past 12 months, have you tried to stop using smokeless tobacco? Yes 52 18.1 36 (12.5) 16 (5.6)
No 235 81.9 141 (49.1) 94 (32.8)
Noticed anti SLT use information in newspapers or in magazines in the last 30 days Yes 21 3.3 11 (1.7) 10 (1.6)
No 613 96.7 403 (63.6) 210 (33.1)
Noticed anti SLT use information on television or radio in the last 30 days Yes 53 8.4 31 (4.9) 22 (3.5)
No 581 91.6 383 (60.4) 198 (31.2)
Advised by health professionals to stop using smokeless tobacco in past 12 months, Yes 92 32.1 55 (19.2) 37 (12.9)
No 195 67.9 122 (42.5) 73 (25.4)
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