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Table 4 Prevalence of smokeless tobacco use by demographic characteristics of respondents, Borena zone, Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia, 2015

From: Prevalence and factors that influence smokeless tobacco use among adults in pastoralist communities of Borena Zone, Ethiopia: mixed method study

Characteristics of respondents Current smokeless tobacco status
Non users(n = 347) Users(n = 287)
No (%) No (%)
Age category <25 48 (59.3) 33 (40.7)
25–30 55 (55.6) 44 (44.4)
31–35 44 (58.7) 31 (41.3)
36–40 63 (56.2) 49 (43.8)
41–45 39 (62.9) 23 (37.1)
46–50 33 (50.8) 32 (49.2)
>50 65 (46.4) 75 (53.6)
Sex Male 237 (57.2) 177 (42.8)
Female 110 (50) 110 (50)
Religion Wakefata 167 (41.9) 232 (58.1)
Muslim 129 (79.6) 33 (20.4)
Christian 51 (69.9) 22 (30.1)
Ethnicity Oromo 346 (54.9) 284 (45.1)
Othersa 1 (25) 3 (75)
Educational status of mothers Cannot read and write 267 (53.2) 235 (46.8)
Read and write but no formal education 66 (61.1) 42 (38.9)
At least primary 14 (58.3) 10 (41.7)
Current marital status Single 22 (53.7) 19 (46.3)
Married 307 (56.6) 235 (43.4)
Divorced 11 (42.3) 15 (57.7)
Widowed 7 (28) 18 (72)
Occupation Pastoralist 269 (54.9) 221 (45.1)
Othersb 78 (54.2) 66 (45.8)
Income category 0–150 155 (57.6) 114 (42.4)
151–650 149 (51.2) 142 (48.8)
651–1400 40 (58) 29 (42)
1401–2350 3(60) 2 (40)
  1. aAmhara, konso
  2. bAgro pastoralist, merchants
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