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Table 4 Factors related to smoking among adolescents using Multivariable Logistic Regression analysis

From: Smoking among school-going adolescents in selected secondary schools in Peninsular Malaysia- findings from the Malaysian Adolescent Health Risk Behaviour (MyaHRB) study

Variable Wald Value Adjusted OR 95 CI
Gender
 Male 150.28 21.51 13.1–35.1
 Female   1  
Ethnicity
 Malay   1  
 Chinese 28.54 0.09 0.04–0.22
 Indian 15.16 0.18 0.07–0.40
 Others 0.37 2.22 0.17–27.82
Academic Achievement
 Excellence   1  
 Moderate 3.42 1.34 0.98–1.82
 Not Good 9.89 3.42 1.50–7.37
Protective factor score 6.77 0.71 0.55–0.92
Religiosity score 20.17 0.51 0.15–0.92
Loneliness
 Always 6.57 2.23 1.21–4.13
 Sometimes   1  
Number of parents who smoke
None   1  
 One 13.41 1.80 1.32–2.45
 Both 7.14 6.50 1.65–25.65
Number of Best friend/s
 None   1  
 One 2.54 3.45 0.75–15.81
 Two 6.26 4.40 1.38–14.03
Rosenberg self-esteem scale
 Low 2.56 1.26 0.95–1.66
 High 1   
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