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Table 2 Characteristics of the three latent classes (unweighted column %)a

From: Determining non-cigarette tobacco, alcohol, and substance use typologies across menthol and non-menthol smokers using latent class analysis

  Poly-Substance Users Menthol/Cigarillos Users Primary Cigarette Users Full sample  
n = 162 (14%) n = 170 (14%) n = 845 (72%) n = 1,177 P value
% % % %  
Age
 Mean (SE) 27.6 (0.6) 37.0 (1.0) 39.9 (0.5) 37.8 (0.4) <0.0001
 18–24 40.1 18.2 14.6 18.6 <0.0001
 25–34 43.8 32.3 27.0 30.1  
 35–45 13.6 21.8 18.7 18.4  
 46+ 2.5 27.6 39.8 32.9  
Gender      <0.0001
 Female 40.1 29.4 49.4 45.2  
 Male 59.9 70.6 50.6 54.8  
Race      <0.0001
 White 38.3 7.6 35.5 31.9  
 Black 61.7 92.3 64.5 68.1  
Education      <0.0001
 Less than high school 3.7 10.0 8.1 7.7  
 High school diploma 10.5 32.3 22.6 22.4  
 GED 5.6 11.2 7.7 7.9  
 Some college 55.6 32.3 39.3 40.6  
 College diploma or greater 24.7 14.1 22.3 21.4  
Menthol use      <0.0001
 Yes 59.3 88.2 62.1 65.5  
Heavy Smoking (≥10 cigs per day)      0.002
 Yes 66.7 78.8 80.6 78.4  
Alcohol      
 Binge drinking 57.4 51.2 52.4 52.9 0.449
 # days used in typical week - Mean (SE) 4.2 (0.1) 4.4 (0.2) 4.3 (0.1) 4.3 (0.1) 0.430
 # drinks per episode - Mean (SE) 5.4 (0.4) 6.4 (0.5) 5.5 (0.2) 5.6 (0.2) 0.089
Other drug use      <0.0001
 Use in past 90 days 39.6 35.7 18.8 24.1  
Current tobacco use      
 Cigars 64.8 19.4 3.2 14.0 <0.0001
 E-cigarettes 79.6 5.9 5.6 15.8 <0.0001
 Cigarillos 67.3 100.0 0.0 23.7 <0.0001
 Chew 16.1 6.5 1.0 3.8 <0.0001
 Hookah 88.3 12.4 3.2 16.2 <0.0001
 Other tobacco 9.9 1.8 0.5 2.0 <0.0001
# tobacco products used
 Mean (SE) 3.0 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1) 0.6 (0.0) 1.1 (0.0) <0.0001
Desire to quit in next 6 months      0.017
 No 12.3 4.3 6.5 7.0  
 Yes 87.7 95.7 93.4 93.0  
Mental health      0.081
 Prescribed medication for mental health problem 11.1 6.5 12.5 11.5  
  1. Note. P-values represent differences across the three classes. Chi-square tests were used for categorical variables and ANOVA F-tests were used for continuous variables
  2. a Italicized covariates are included as indicators in the LCA model
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