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Table 2 Means, standard deviations, and factor loadings of final scale items in the validation sample

From: Development of a scale assessing Beliefs About ThirdHand Smoke (BATHS)

Scale item Mean (SD) Factor loadings
THS persistence THS health
Smoke particles can remain in a room for weeks. 3.65 (0.95) 0.759  
Smoke particles can remain in a room for days. 3.89 (0.85) 0.749  
Smoke particles get absorbed into furniture and walls. 4.29 (0.74) 0.582  
Opening windows or using air conditioners does not eliminate all smoke particles in a room. 3.86 (0.87) 0.491  
Breathing air in a room today where people smoked yesterday can harm the health of adults. 4.02 (0.84)   0.721
Particles in rooms where people smoked yesterday can cause cancer. 3.56 (0.98)   0.675
Breathing air in a room today where people smoked yesterday can harm the health of infants and children [17]. 4.21 (0.85)   0.576
After smoking a cigarette, smoke particles on skin, hair, and clothing can be passed on to others through touch. 3.67 (0.99)   0.571
After touching surfaces where cigarette smoke has settled, particles can enter the body through the skin. 3.47 (0.87)   0.559
  1. Cronbach’s alpha: .91 for full scale, .88 for each sub-scale
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