Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population according to diabetes and smoking status

From: Coronary heart disease incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality among diabetic and non-diabetic people according to their smoking behavior in Finland

  No diabetes Diabetes
Non-smokers Ex-smokersa Smokersb Non-smokers Ex-smokers Smokers
Men (n) 9539 7063 11054 323 392 341
Age (years) 43.2 (11.9)c 48.5 (11.7) 42.6 (11.1) 54.1 (11.5) 56.9 (9.1) 51.0 (10.4)
Education (%)
 Low 28 29 37 31 31 33
 Moderate 33 37 35 31 35 34
 High 39 34 28 38 34 33
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.1 (3.5) 27.3 (3.7) 25.8 (3.7) 28.5 (4.4) 29.3 (4.0) 27.8 (4.9)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 140 (18) 144 (20) 142 (19) 148 (24) 148 (21) 146 (21)
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.8 (1.2) 6.1 (1.2) 6.2 (1.31) 5.7 (1.2) 5.9 (1.3) 6.1 (1.4)
Total physical activity (%)
 Low 8 10 13 16 21 24
 Moderate 83 84 82 81 77 75
 High 9 6 5 3 2 1
Women (n) 21463 2980 5101 878 125 153
Age (years) 45.7 (11.6) 42.5 (11.6) 40.4 (10.8) 54.0 (11.1) 51.2 (11.9) 46.7 (11.0)
Education (%)
 Low 32 31 40 36 31 38
 Moderate 34 33 33 34 39 32
 High 34 36 27 30 30 30
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.2 (4.8) 25.9 (4.6) 24.9 (4.5) 29.7 (6.1) 31.1 (6.3) 28.4 (5.4)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 140 (23) 131 (19) 131 (19) 148 (24) 145 (23) 138 (23)
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 6.0 (1.3) 5.5 (1.2) 5.6 (1.2) 6.0 (1.3) 5.7 (1.1) 6.0 (1.3)
Total physical activity (%)
 Low 15 13 17 27 29 28
 Moderate 82 83 80 71 70 70
 High 3 4 3 2 1 2
  1. athose, who had smoked regularly but had stopped smoking at least six month before the survey
  2. bthose who currently smoke or those who had stopped smoking less than six months before the survey
  3. cmean and standard deviation