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Table 4 Hazard Ratio (HR) of coronary heart disease incidence among men and women with and without diabetes at baseline according to smoking status

From: Coronary heart disease incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality among diabetic and non-diabetic people according to their smoking behavior in Finland

  Model Ab Model Bc
Incidence ratea HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Men
 Non-diabetic, non-smokers 0.69 1 Refd 1 Ref
 Non-diabetic, ex-smokers 1.10 1.25 1.08-1.44 1.15 0.99-1.32
 Non-diabetic, smokers 1.21 2.04 1.79-2.33 1.95 1.70-2.23
 Diabetic, non-smokers 1.85 1.70 1.19-2.44 1.56 1.08-2.24
 Diabetic, ex-smokers 2.98 3.66 2.87-4.68 3.00 2.33-3.85
 Diabetic, smokers 2.69 3.51 2.64-4.67 3.27 2.45-4.36
Women
 Non-diabetic, non-smokers 0.50 1 Ref 1 Ref
 Non-diabetic, ex-smokers 0.19 1.21 0.88-1.66 1.27 0.92-1.74
 Non-diabetic, smokers 0.39 2.13 1.70-2.67 2.32 1.84-2.92
 Diabetic, non-smokers 1.52 2.94 2.30-3.77 2.60 2.02-3.35
 Diabetic, ex-smokers 0.99 3.59 1.91-6.76 2.80 1.48-5.30
 Diabetic, smokers 1.24 5.37 3.02-9.58 4.55 2.48-8.33
  1. anumber of events per 100 person-years
  2. badjusted for age, study area and study year
  3. cadjusted for age, study area, study year, education, systolic blood pressure, physical activity, serum cholesterol and BMI
  4. dreference group