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Table 2 Comparison of cigarette and shisha smoking behavior

From: Quit tobacco clinics in Bahrain: smoking cessation rates and patient satisfaction

  Cigarettes
(n = 188)
Mean ± 1SD
Shisha
(n = 47)
Mean ± 1SD
Age started smoking in years
(n = 185)
15.9 ± 4.4 19.7 ± 7.4
Number smoked
(n = 188)*
27 ± 16.9 (day) 3.4 ± 4.5 (week)
Duration of smoking in years
(n = 177)*
19.8 ± 12.8 8.2 ± 6.1
Smoking cost (BHD)
(n = 187)*
1.2 ± 0.7 (day) 3.1 ± 3.3 (weekly)
  n (%) n (%)
Time of first cigarette/shisha smoked on a typical day*
 Within 30 min of waking up 145 (77.6) 1 (2.1)
  > 30 min of waking up 42 (22.4) 46 (97.9)
Smoking in morning more than rest of the day*
 Yes 65 (34.9) 1 (2.1)
 No 121 (65.1) 46 (97.9)
Cigarette/shisha most hate to give up*
 First in the morning 73 (38.6) 0 (0.0)
 Any other 116 (61.4) 42 (100)
Smoked cigarettes during illness*   
 No 94 (50.8) 43 (91.5)
 Yes 91 (49.2) 4 (8.5)
Difficulty avoiding smoking in prohibited areas*
 No 116 (61.4) 45 (95.7)
 Yes 73 (38.6) 2 (4.3)
  1. *P < 0.001
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