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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for trial participants by group

From: Economic evaluation of an exercise-counselling intervention to enhance smoking cessation outcomes: The Fit2Quit trial

  Control (n = 455) Intervention adherent (n = 236) Intervention non-adherent (n = 219)
Age (years), mean ± SD 37.3 ± 12.2 39.8 ± 12.4 35.2 ± 11.7
Sex, n (%)
 Male 207 (45.9) 105 (44.5) 103 (47)
 Female 244 (54.1) 131 (55.5) 116 (53)
Prioritised ethnicity, n (%)
 NZ European 214 (47.5) 132 (55.9) 86 (39.3)
 Māori 138 (30.6) 63 (26.7) 79 (36.1)
 Pacific 55 (12.2) 15 (6.4) 32 (14.6)
 Asian 11 (2.4) 5 (2.1) 8 (3.7)
 Other 33 (7.3) 21 (8.9) 14 (6.4)
Number of cigarettes/day, mean ± SD 19.8 ± 9.2 20 ± 10.5 18.8 ± 8.1
Age of smoking onset (years), mean ± SD 15.5 ± 4.2 15.9 ± 4.9 15.1 ± 3.3
Years smoking continuously, mean ± SD 20.3 ± 11.9 21.7 ± 12.4 18.5 ± 11.5
Fagerström Test of Nicotine Dependence score, mean ± SD 5.6 ± 2 5.5 ± 1.9 5.5 ± 1.9
Previous quit attempts, n (%)
 Yes 348 (77.2) 194 (82.2) 174 (79.5)
 No 103 (22.8) 42 (17.8) 45 (20.6)
Number of quit attempts in previous 12 months, n (%)
 Never attempted to quit before 103 (22.8) 42 (17.8) 45 (20.6)
 None 204 (45.2) 113 (47.9) 89 (40.6)
 One 83 (18.4) 43 (18.2) 50 (22.8)
 Two 28 (6.2) 19 (8.1) 18 (8.2)
 Three 14 (3.1) 11 (4.7) 4 (1.8)
 Four or more 18 (4) 8 (3.4) 12 (5.5)
 Do not know 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.5)
Confidence to quit, n (%)
 One (very low) 8 (1.8) 2 (0.9) 5 (2.3)
 Two 15 (3.3) 5 (2.1) 7 (3.2)
 Three 97 (21.5) 30 (12.7) 53 (24.2)
 Four 140 (31) 76 (32.2) 72 (32.9)
 Five (very high) 190 (42.1) 123 (52.1) 81 (37)
 Missing 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.5)
Physical activity (MET minutes/week), mean ± SD
 Leisure time domain 601 ± 1,150 498 ± 799 621 ± 1,343
 Work domain 3,557 ± 6,370 3,982 ± 6,532 4,015 ± 7,096
 Active transport domain 437 ± 1,047 338 ± 1,025 531 ± 1,720
 Domestic and garden domain 1,838 ± 2,877 1,665 ± 2,218 1,930 ± 3,032
 Total walking 1,769 ± 2,838 1,844 ± 2,706 1,634 ± 2,534
 Total moderate physical activity 3,191 ± 3,728 3,030 ± 3,460 3,624 ± 4,453
 Total vigorous physical activity 1,472 ± 3,728 1,643 ± 4,008 1,832 ± 4,316
 Total physical activity 6,481 ± 7,226 6,489 ± 7,389 7,132 ± 8,325
  1. MET Metabolic Equivalent of Task