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Table 2 Associations between TPB’s constructs and background variables (n = 406) for waterpipe users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2015

From: The use of planned behavior theory in predicting cigarette smoking among Waterpipe smokers

  Favorable toward cigarette smoking
  Attitude Subjective Norm Perceived Control Intentions
Pearson Correlation
 Age −0.19* −0.20* −0.17* −0.20*
 Waterpipe initiation age −0.12* −0.14* −0.16* −0.23*
 Withdrawal symptoms scores 0.13* 0.21* 0.14* 0.22*
 No. of cigarettes smoked/week 0.10 0.03 0.19 0.40*
 Waterpipe session duration(min) 0.09 0.06 −0.02 −0.02
 Waterpipe frequency use/week −.01 .07 −.00 .06
 Years of cigarettes use −0.18* −0.07 −0.13 −0.08
 Years of waterpipe use −0.14* −0.14* −0.08 −0.06
  1. The Pearson product moment correlations, the * represents significance at an alpha of 0.05
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