Skip to main content

Table 2 Background difference among three identified clusters

From: Acculturation, Depression, and Smoking Cessation: a trajectory pattern recognition approach

Variablea Culturally Adapted N = 50 More Bicultural N = 32 Less Bicultural N = 15
  M SD M SD M SD
Age 50.08 8.18 50.47 8.37 45.47 13.38
Education 14.74 2.49 14.97 1.71 14.13 1.96
Bidirectional Acculturation** 2.83 0.37 3.18 0.41 3.02 0.52
Smoking duration 18.32 8.66 19.25 9.03 16.13 8.72
Age at smoking onset 19.76 4.03 20.75 4.17 19.20 3.75
Cigarettes per day at baseline 16.58 5.44 16.88 4.82 17.60 7.91
Cigarettes per day at 12-M F/U* 4.88 6.47 8.22 7.40 9.36 6.10
Nicotine dependence at 1-M F/U** 0.10 0.52 0.14 0.35 1.00 2.05
Nicotine dependence at 3-M F/U 0.98 1.93 0.52 1.25 1.14 1.79
Nicotine dependence at 6-M F/U 1.36 2.26 1.68 2.21 2.15 1.86
Nicotine dependence at12-M F/U 1.40 2.07 2.35 2.35 2.50 2.31
Alcohol use at baseline 5.70 5.74 4.97 4.66 5.93 6.25
  N (%) N (%) N (%)
Female 8 8.25 5 5.15 3 3.09
Marital status (Married)* 42 43.30 27 27.84 8 8.25
Employment (Yes) 45 46.39 29 29.90 13 13.40
Alcohol use problems (Yes) 19 19.59 10 10.31 4 4.12
  1. aThe 11 smokers who did not participate this study did not differ from those included for analyses across all these variables (ps:0 .11–.98)
  2. M Month, F/U follow-up
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001
\