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Table 3 Agreement (vs disagreement) with the statement that smoking is a cause of the ischaemic heart diseases (IHD) among Estonian male and female physicians

From: Physicians’ views on the role of smoking in smoking-related diseases: findings from cross-sectional studies from 1982–2014 in Estonia

Characteristic Male physicians Female physicians
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Study year
 1982 1 1 1 1
 2002 4.98 (2.93– 8.49) 4.49 (2.61– 7.72) 5.00 (3.91–6.39) 5.03 (3.91– 6.48)
 2014 11.50 (5.58–23.70) 10.40 (4.95–21.85) 9.24 (6.80–12.56) 9.78 (7.04–13.59)
Smoking status
 Current 1 1 1 1
 Past 1.84 (1.21–2.79) 1.16 (0.74–1.82) 2.64 (1.89–3.69) 1.66 (1.17–2.35)
 Never 2.21 (1.50–3.27) 1.43 (0.95–2.15) 1.95 (1.55–2.45) 1.63 (1.28–2.08)
Age
  − 34 1 1 1 1
 35–44 1.18 (0.75–1.84) 0.96 (0.60–1.53) 0.99 (0.77–1.28) 0.96 (0.74–1.25)
 45–54 1.72 (1.07–2.78) 1.26 (0.76–2.08) 0.94 (0.74–1.21) 0.72 (0.56–0.94)
 55–64 1.63 (0.96–2.76) 1.01 (0.58–1.76) 1.28 (0.96–1.71) 0.70 (0.52–0.96)
 65+ 2.64 (1.29–5.38) 1.00 (0.46–2.15) 1.84 (1.20–2.81) 0.56 (0.35–0.89)
Ethnicity
 Non-Estonian 1 1 1 1
 Estonian 2.20 (1.56–3.10) 1.88 (1.31–2.69) 1.84 (1.52–2.22) 1.35 (1.10–1.64)
  1. aEach OR was adjusted for all other characteristics in the table
  2. Data in bold shows significant differences
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