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Table 4 Agreement (vs disagreement) with the statement that smoking is a cause of lung cancer among Estonian male and female physicians

From: Physicians’ views on the role of smoking in smoking-related diseases: findings from cross-sectional studies from 1982–2014 in Estonia

Characteristic Male physicians Female physicians
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Study year
 1982 1 1 1 1
 2002 6.41 (3.08–13.34) 5.72 (2.72–12.05) 12.94 (8.36–20.03) 12.91 (8.27–20.15)
 2014 9.72 (4.22–22.41) 7.70 (3.25–18.27) 15.83 (9.92–25.25) 16.54 (10.06–27.17)
Smoking status
 Current 1 1 1 1
 Past 2.86 (1.69–4.84) 1.90 (1.09–3.32) 3.87 (2.68–5.60) 2.29 (1.55–3.38)
 Never 3.39 (2.09–5.51) 2.31 (1.39–3.82) 4.20 (3.28–5.39) 3.71 (2.84–4.83)
Age
  − 34 1 1 1 1
 35–44 0.77 (0.45–1.33) 0.58 (0.33–1.02) 1.43 (1.05–1.93) 1.41 (1.03–1.94)
 45–54 1.60 (0.87–2.97) 1.08 (0.57–2.04) 1.22 (0.91–1.63) 0.82 (0.60–1.12)
 55–64 1.42 (0.73–2.78) 0.81 (0.40–1.63) 1.82 (1.28–2.59) 0.81 (0.56–1.19)
 65+ 2.38 (0.95–5.94) 0.74 (0.28–1.97) 3.17 (1.76–5.72) 0.66 (0.35–1.26)
Ethnicity
 Non-Estonian 1 1 1 1
 Estonian 1.87 (1.23–2.84) 1.49 (0.96–2.30) 2.01 (1.60–2.53) 1.42 (1.11–1.82)
  1. aEach OR was adjusted for all other characteristics in the table
  2. Data in bold shows significant differences
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