Skip to main content

Table 5 Agreement (compared to disagreement) with the statement that smoking is a cause of chronic bronchitis among Estonian male and female physicians

From: Physicians’ views on the role of smoking in smoking-related diseases: findings from cross-sectional studies from 1982–2014 in Estonia

Characteristic Male physicians Female physicians
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Study year
 1982 1 1 1 1
 2002 4.21 (1.78– 9.94) 3.95 (1.65– 9.46) 6.50 (4.15–10.19) 6.26 (3.95– 9.91)
 2014 5.73 (2.26–14.53) 5.05 (1.91–13.33) 8.40 (5.15–13.72) 8.23 (4.89–13.84)
Smoking status
 Current 1 1 1 1
 Past 1.88 (0.98–3.63) 1.38 (0.69–2.76) 2.69 (1.63–4.45) 1.68 (4.30–10.36)
 Never 2.61 (1.37–4.95) 1.88 (0.97–3.65) 2.45 (1.74–3.46) 2.11 (1.48– 3.01)
Age
  − 34 1 1 1 1
 35–44 0.53 (0.24–1.18) 0.43 (0.19–0.96) 1.20 (0.80–1.80) 1.14 (0.75–1.73)
 45–54 1.02 (0.43–2.45) 0.72 (0.29–1.76) 1.00 (0.68–1.48) 0.74 (0.50–1.10)
 55–64 0.81 (0.33–2.03) 0.51 (0.20–1.32) 1.27 (0.81–1.99) 0.69 (0.43–1.10)
 65+ 1.35 (0.41–4.45) 0.53 (0.15–1.88) 2.51 (1.18–5.36) 0.80 (0.36–1.77)
Ethnicity
 Non-Estonian 1 1 1 1
 Estonian 2.23 (1.29–3.84) 1.88 (1.08–3.30) 2.34 (1.75–3.13) 1.72 (1.27–2.32)
  1. aEach OR was adjusted for all other characteristics in the table
  2. Data in bold shows significant differences
\