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Table 4 Parameters associated with e-cigarette exposure routes for incidents reported to European Poison Centers, 2012–2105

From: Characteristics and outcomes of e-cigarette exposure incidents reported to 10 European Poison Centers: a retrospective data analysis

  Ingestion (n = 199) Respiratory (n = 199) Dermal (n = 187) Ocular (n = 156)
aOR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
Age
 ≥19 years REF   REF   REF   REF  
 6–18 years 1.15 (0.45–2.97) 0.766 0.97 (0.30–3.11) 0.958 1.30 (0.32–5.28) 0.709 0.27 (0.03–2.35) 0.236
 ≤5 years 4.36 (1.87–10.18) 0.001 0.46 (0.15–1.42) 0.176 0.37 (0.11–1.20) 0.096 0.10 (0.02–0.48) 0.004
Gender
 Male REF   REF   REF   REF  
 Female 1.12 (0.62–2.02) 0.717 0.89 (0.42–1.87) 0.596 0.80 (0.31–2.06) 0.648 2.16 (0.78–5.95) 0.137
Exposure
 Intentional REF   REF   REF   - -
 Unintentional 1.50 (0.79–2.82) 0.215 0.15 (0.07–0.32) <0.001 13.22 (1.70–102.56) 0.014 - -
Type
 Non-refillable or Unknown REF   REF   - - REF  
 Refillable e-cigarette 13.05 (3.11–54.72) <0.001 0.32 (0.08–1.27) 0.107 - - 0.14 (0.03–0.71) 0.017
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