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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants stratified by the status of smoking and drinking in a Beijing community-dwelling population (2007–2009)

From: Relationships of drinking and smoking with peripheral arterial stiffness in Chinese community-dwelling population without symptomatic peripheral arterial disease

Characteristics Nonsmokers (n = 1901) Smokers (n = 723) P valuea Nondrinkers (n = 1821) Drinkers (n = 803) P valueb
Age (year) 54(40–66) 54(39–67) 0.955 58(47–68) 42(32–57) <0.001
Males (%) 729(38.3) 629(87.0) <0.001 607(33.3) 751(93.5) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.98(22.72–27.25) 25.39(23.32–27.52) 0.002 24.98(22.67–27.39) 25.39(23.46–27.18) 0.015
WC (cm) 84(77–91) 89(83–95) <0.001 85(77–92) 87(81–93) <0.001
Alcohol drinking (%) 391(20.6) 412(57.0) <0.001    
Cigarette smoking (%)     311(17.1) 412(51.3) <0.001
PP (mmHg) 48(40–60) 48(40–58) 0.427 50(40–60) 46(40–54) <0.001
FBG (mmol/L) 4.92(4.57–5.39) 4.95(4.55–5.47) 0.513 4.95(4.56–5.49) 4.90(4.59–5.25) 0.014
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.75(2.25–3.25) 2.76(2.29–3.22) 0.962 2.85(2.34–3.35) 2.54(2.11–3.01) <0.001
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.38(1.18–1.63) 1.26(1.06–1.48) <0.001 1.36(1.16–1.62) 1.31(1.10–1.53) <0.001
crPWV (m/s) 9.2(8.4–10.0) 9.8(9.1–10.9) 0.001 9.2(8.3–10.0) 9.8(9.0–10.9) 0.008
  1. Notes: a P value for difference between nonsmokers and smokers; b P value for difference between nondrinkers and drinkers
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, PP Pulse pressure, FBG Fasting blood glucose, LDL-c Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-c High density lipoprotein cholesterol, crPWV carotid-radial pulse wave velocity
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