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Table 5 Multivariate model predicting each of the components of the 5A’s model

From: Factors associated with implementation of the 5A’s smoking cessation model

Dependent variable Ask adjusted Advise adjusted Assess adjusted Assist adjusted Arrange adjusted
Independent variable Estimate 95% CI p Estimate 95% CI p Estimate 95% CI p Estimate 95% CI p Estimate 95% CI p
Individual
 Smoking status (smoke) −0.232 (−0.790; 0.327) 0.415 −0.630 (−1.099–0.162) 0.008 −0.027 (−0.543; 0.489) 0.918 −0.234 (−0.670; 0.202) 0.292 −0.771 (−1.306;-0.235) 0.005
 Smoking status (former smoke) −0.031 (−0.545; 0.484) 0.906 0.069 (−0.357; 0.496) 0.749 −0.019 (−0.495; 0.456) 0.936 0.190 (−0.207; 0.586) 0.348 −0.110 (−0.604; 0.384) 0.662
 Sex (male) 0.197 (−0.369; 0.763) 0.495 0.049 (−0.426; 0.524) 0.841 −0.009 (−0.529; 0.512) 0.974 0.058 (−0.383; 0.499) 0.795 0.143 (−0.409; 0.695) 0.611
 Previous education (yes) −0.482 (−1.064; 0.099) 0.104 0.182 (−0.289; 0.654) 0.448 −0.259 (−0.787; 0.269) 0.336 −0.482 (−0.945;-0.019) 0.041 −0.074 (−0.626; 0.478) 0.792
 Profession (doctor) 2.155 (1.253; 3.056) 0.000 0.304 (−0.447; 1.056) 0.427 0.138 (−0.702; 0.979) 0.747 −0.819 (−1.523;-0.115) 0.023 −0.181 (−1.042; 0.680) 0.679
 Profession (nurse) 0.640 (0.100; 1.180) 0.020 −0.420 (−0.831;-0.009) 0.045 −0.353 (−0.848; 0.142) 0.162 −0.232 (−0.617; 0.152) 0.236 −0.184 (−0.658; 0.291) 0.448
Cognitive
 Motivation to help patients to quit    0.177 (0.048; 0.306) 0.007       
 Importance of cessation in their job    0.130 (0.012; 0.249) 0.031 0.151 (0.029; 0.274) 0.015     
 Self-reported preparedness        0.183 (0.093; 0.273) <0.001   
 Preparedness in using drugs          0.107 (0.001; 0.213) 0.048
 Competency in assisting smokers 0.157 (0.050; 0.264) 0.004    0.126 (0.027; 0.224) 0.012 0.201 (0.117; 0.285) <0.001 0.184 (0.082; 0.286) <0.001
 Security to motivate smokers 0.151 (0.019; 0.283) 0.025 0.183 (0.076; 0.291) 0.001 0.151 (0.029; 0.273) 0.016     
 Wish more training    0.226 (0.125; 0.327) <0.001 0.130 (0.019; 0.241) 0.022     
 It is part of my job 0.236 (0.150; 0.323) <0.001    0.111 (0.032; 0.189) 0.006     
Behavioral factors
 Uses additional resources to intervene 0.139 (0.043; 0.236) 0.005 0.146 (0.067; 0.226) <0.001 0.191 (0.104; 0.278) <0.001 0.202 (0.132; 0.272) <0.001   
 Frequency in seeing tobacco-related diseases 0.221 (0.103; 0.340) <0.001 0.277 (0.177; 0.376) <0.001       
 Familiar with practical guidelines for smoking cessation        0.188 (0.106; 0.269) <0.001 0.423 (0.317; 0.529) <0.001
 Previous positive experiences 0.099 (0.013; 0.185) 0.024 0.130 (0.067; 0.193) <0.001 0.164 (0.086; 0.242) <0.001 0.242 (0.172; 0.312) <0.001 0.198 (0.114; 0.282) <0.001
Organizational and Support Factors
 It is protocolized in my organization      0.091 (0.024; 0.158) 0.008 0.070 (0.003; 0.136) 0.042   
 Required by supervisors 0.080 (0.003; 0.158) 0.043         
 Organizational support        0.085 (0.013; 0.158) 0.021 0.161 (0.086; 0.236) <0.001
R2 0.425    0.459    0.394    0.582    0.523   
  1. Adjusted for sociodemographic variables (sex, age, professional group, smoking consumption, years of experience)
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