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Table 1 Association between political views and smoking across the 28 European Union Member States in 2014 (n = 22,313)

From: Are political views related to smoking and support for tobacco control policies? A survey across 28 European countries

  Current smoker Ever smoker
  % OR (95% CI) % OR (95% CI)
Centre (reference) 27.5 46.9
Far left 28.8 1.13 (1.01–1.26) 53.6 1.20 (1.09–1.32)
Centre left 23.8 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 46.4 1.02 (0.95–1.11)
Centre right 23.1 0.84 (0.76–0.93) 43.9 0.88 (0.81–0.95)
Far right 30.0 1.11 (0.98–1.26) 47.8 1.05 (0.94–1.17)
  1. Multi-level logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, education, area of residence, financial status, occupation, marital status and social class
  2. Confidence intervals in italics indicate statistically significant results
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