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  1. To examine facilitators of dental smoking intervention practices in Japan, where smokeless tobacco is rarely used, we evaluated the characteristics of dental care for smokers.

    Authors: Miki Ojima, Takashi Hanioka, Kaoru Shimada, Satoru Haresaku, Mito Yamamoto and Keiko Tanaka

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Smoking prevalence in adolescents and young adults is substantially elevated in Tunisia. Moreover, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the effectiveness and associated factors in smoking cessation intervent...

    Authors: Sana El Mhamdi, Asma Sriha, Ines Bouanene, Arwa Ben Salah, Kamel Ben Salem and Mohamed Soussi Soltani

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:12

    Content type: Research

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  3. This study assessed the prevalence and influence of exposure to pro-tobacco advertisements among adolescents in 20 low and middle income countries (LMICs).

    Authors: Israel T Agaku, Akinyele O Adisa, Akindayo O Akinyamoju and Samuel O Agboola

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:11

    Content type: Research

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  4. The damaging effects of cigarette smoke on the lungs are well known in terms of cancer risks. Additional molecular changes within the lung tissue can also occur as a result of exposure to cigarette smoke. The ...

    Authors: Tony Pierson, Sarah Learmonth-Pierson, Daniel Pinto and Monique L van Hoek

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:10

    Content type: Research

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  5. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco use among medical students in Canada. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use among medical students, assess their percei...

    Authors: Amanda J Vanderhoek, Fadi Hammal, Alyssa Chappell, T Cameron Wild, Tobias Raupach and Barry A Finegan

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:9

    Content type: Research

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  6. The impact of secondhand smoke (SHS) on Southeast Asian children’s health has been assessed by a limited number of studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether in Thailand, pre- and postnatal ex...

    Authors: Naowarut Charoenca, Nipapun Kungskulniti, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Dusit Sujirarat, Sorasak Lohchindarat, Jeremiah Mock and Stephen Lorin Hamann

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:7

    Content type: Research

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  7. Cigarette smoking is the single largest preventable cause of death and disability in the industrialized world and it causes at least 85% of lung cancers, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In addition smokers a...

    Authors: Sharifi Hooman, Hessami Zahra, Mitra Safa, Farhadi Mohammad Hassan and Masjedi Mohammad Reza

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:5

    Content type: Research

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  8. Waterpipe smoking started as a cultural phenomenon but has become a social phenomenon. Hookah cafes are an increasingly popular venue for socializing. Studies suggest that waterpipe users perceive smoking the ...

    Authors: Karin E Daniels and Nicolette V Roman

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:4

    Content type: Research

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  9. Many modalities of tobacco use prevention programming have been implemented including various policy regulations (tax increases, warning labels, limits on access, smoke-free policies, and restrictions on marke...

    Authors: Steve Sussman, David Levy, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Crystal W Cené, Mimi M Kim, Louise A Rohrbach and Frank J Chaloupka

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013 11:2

    Content type: Review

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  10. Increases in tobacco taxation are acknowledged to be one of the most effective tobacco control interventions. This study aimed at determining the mediating role of socioeconomical status (SES) and the earmarki...

    Authors: Constantine I Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis, Israel Agaku, Vasileios Mytaras, Monique Bertic, Gregory N Connolly, Yannis Tountas and Panagiotis Behrakis

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:21

    Content type: Research

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  11. The question of whether mentholation of cigarettes enhances tobacco dependence has generated conflicting findings. Potential mediating factors in a putative relationship between menthol use and tobacco depende...

    Authors: Judith Rosenbloom, Vaughan W Rees, Kathleen Reid, Jeannie Wong and Taru Kinnunen

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:19

    Content type: Research

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  12. The primary, stable metabolite of nicotine [(S)-3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) pyridine] in humans is cotinine [(S)-1-methyl-5-(3-pyridinyl)-2-pyrrolidinone]. We have previously shown that cotinine exposure induc...

    Authors: Juhi Bagaitkar, Iris Zeller, Diane E Renaud and David A Scott

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:18

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Tobacco and alcohol use during adolescence have potential long term health consequences and a possibility of future addiction.

    Authors: Ioanna G Tsiligianni, Constantine Ilias Vardavas, Izolde Bouloukaki, Epameinondas Kosmas, Evgenia Verigou, Maria Kiriakaki, Nikolaos Siafakas and Nikolaos Tzanakis

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:15

    Content type: Research

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  14. Tobacco control represents a key area in which doctors can make a significant positive impact on their patients’ lives. Despite this fact, however, doctors in certain regions of China are known to smoke tobacc...

    Authors: Derek R Smith, Isabella Zhao and Lina Wang

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:14

    Content type: Research

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  15. Research has shown that tobacco smoke contains substances of microbiological origin such as ergosterol (a fungal membrane lipid) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria). ...

    Authors: Lennart Larsson, Christina Pehrson, Tenzin Dechen and Mardi Crane-Godreau

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:13

    Content type: Research

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  16. There are very few clinical reports that have compared the association between cigarette smoking and microangiopathy in Asian patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The objective of this study was to a...

    Authors: Kenta Okada, Jun-ichi Osuga, Kazuhiko Kotani, Hiroaki Yagyu, Michiaki Miyamoto, Shoichiro Nagasaka and Shun Ishibashi

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:12

    Content type: Research

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  17. Cigarette smoking is one of the major factors that increases arterial stiffness. The purpose of this study was to examine further the relationship between smoking status and arterial stiffness using a new inde...

    Authors: Koichi Hata, Toru Nakagawa, Mitsuhito Mizuno, Nobuaki Yanagi, Hiroko Kitamura, Takeshi Hayashi, Masataka Irokawa and Akira Ogami

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:11

    Content type: Research

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  18. Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure causes premature death and disease. Eliminating smoking in indoor spaces is the only way to fully protect nonsmokers from SHS exposure, and also contributes to helping smokers q...

    Authors: Judy Kruger, Angela Trosclair, Abby Rosenthal, Steve Babb and Robert Rodes

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:10

    Content type: Research

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  19. Current smoking is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance but its association with the metabolic syndrome (metS), particularly with sufficiently sampled African American repres...

    Authors: Ivan Berlin, Susan Lin, Joao A C Lima and Alain Gerald Bertoni

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:9

    Content type: Research

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  20. Major strides towards national tobacco control have been made since Nigeria became signatory to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in June 2004. The Nigerian senate passed a bill on March 1...

    Authors: Israel Agaku, Adisa Akinyele and Akinbode Oluwafemi

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:8

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  21. Smoking has been linked to low-grade systemic inflammation, a known risk factor for disease. This state is reflected in elevated white blood cell (WBC) count.

    Authors: José Antonio Fiz Fernández, Josép Morera Prats, José Vicente Monsonis Artero, Alberto Calvo Mora, Anna Vazquez Fariñas, Anna Espinal and José Antonio Gelpi Méndez

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:7

    Content type: Research

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  22. The purpose of this study was to describe the development and evaluation of the image-based Veterans Affairs (VA) Tobacco Tactics program logo and campaign character using principles of social marketing.

    Authors: Lee A Ewing, Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez, Devon Noonan and Sonia A Duffy

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:6

    Content type: Research

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  23. The effect of smoking on leptin regulation is controversial. Smoking may induce low-grade inflammation. Recent series of studies indicated the critical role of macrophage migration in the establishment of adip...

    Authors: Shintaro Nagayasu, Shigeki Suzuki, Akiko Yamashita, Ataru Taniguchi, Mitsuo Fukushima, Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Naoya Watanabe, Shoichiro Nagasaka, Daisuke Yabe and Fusanori Nishimura

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:3

    Content type: Research

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  24. With evolving evidence of association between tuberculosis (TB) and tobacco smoking, recommendations for the inclusion of tobacco cessation interventions in TB care are becoming increasingly important and more...

    Authors: Ahmed Awaisu, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Noorliza Mohamad Noordin, Abdul Razak Muttalif, Noorizan Abd Aziz, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman and Aziah Ahmad Mahayiddin

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:2

    Content type: Research

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  25. Greece has the highest proportion of smokers in the European Union with 42% of Greeks admitting that they smoke, based on a 2009 survey. This post-hoc analysis of a prospective, observational study evaluated t...

    Authors: Christina Gratziou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Paraskevi Argyropoulou Pataka, Georgia D Sykara, Michael Messig and Sunil Raju

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012 10:1

    Content type: Research

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  26. This study used a 'pre-post' research design to measure the impact of the Canadian reduced ignition propensity law on cigarette toxicity and smoking behavior among Canadian smokers.

    Authors: Kristie M June, David Hammond, Andreas Sjödin, Zheng Li, Lovisa Romanoff and Richard J O'Connor

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. Cigarette smokers have increased white blood cell (WBC) counts and the activation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). The effect of smoking on WBC counts and TNF system activity, however, has not been separately i...

    Authors: Naoya Watanabe, Mitsuo Fukushima, Ataru Taniguchi, Takahide Okumura, Yoshio Nomura, Fusanori Nishimura, Sae Aoyama, Daisuke Yabe, Yoshio Izumi, Ryoichi Ohtsubo, Yoshikatsu Nakai and Shoichiro Nagasaka

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:12

    Content type: Research

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  28. Serum cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, is frequently used in research as a biomarker of recent tobacco smoke exposure. Historically, secondhand smoke (SHS) research uses suboptimal statistical methods due t...

    Authors: Tulay Koru-Sengul, John D Clark, Lora E Fleming and David J Lee

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:11

    Content type: Research

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  29. Little is known about the demand for smoking cessation services in settings with high smoking prevalence rates. Furthermore, acceptability of text messaging and Internet as delivery mechanisms for smoking cess...

    Authors: Michele L Ybarra, A Tülay Bağci Bosi, Nazmi Bilir, Jodi S Holtrop, Josephine Korchmaros and Salih Emri

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:10

    Content type: Short report

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  30. In order to understand and generalize the toxic mechanism of cigarette smoke in living cells, comparison of the data between animal systems and other biological system such as microbial and plant systems is hi...

    Authors: Masaru Yukihiro, Takuya Hiramatsu and Tomonori Kawano

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The primary aim was to examine whether increasing workplace smoking restrictions have led to an increase in smokeless tobacco use among US workers. Smokeless tobacco exposure increases the risk of oral cavity,...

    Authors: Noella A Dietz, David J Lee, Lora E Fleming, William G LeBlanc, Kathryn E McCollister, Kristopher L Arheart, Evelyn P Davila and Alberto J Caban-Martinez

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9:6

    Content type: Short report

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  32. Since the 1920s, menthol has been added to cigarettes and used as a characterizing flavor. The health effects of cigarette smoking are well documented, however the health effects of menthol cigarettes as compa...

    Authors: Allison C Hoffman

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  33. Although much is known about smoking cessation behavior, the vast majority of research has not assessed menthol as an independent factor. The objective of this review is to assess the effects, if any, that use...

    Authors: Allison C Hoffman and Donna Miceli

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  34. Since tobacco use is driven by dependence on nicotine, the primary addictive substance in tobacco, much research has focused on nicotine dependence. Less well understood, however, is the role that menthol play...

    Authors: Allison C Hoffman and Dee Simmons

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  35. The use of tobacco products would not continue without the initiation of their use by youth and adults. Since the vast majority of cigarette smokers begin smoking by age 25, understanding the role of menthol c...

    Authors: Joshua Rising and Kristina Wasson-Blader

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  36. Although there is a great deal known about menthol as a flavoring agent in foods and confections, less is known about the particular sensory properties of menthol cigarette smoke. Similarly, although smoking t...

    Authors: Deirdre Lawrence, Brie Cadman and Allison C Hoffman

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  37. Approximately one-fourth of all cigarettes sold in the United States have the descriptor “menthol” on the cigarette pack. It is important to determine what socio-demographic factors are associated with smoking...

    Authors: Ralph S Caraballo and Katherine Asman

    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2011 9(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1