Volume 12 Supplement 1
The importance of early COPD diagnosis during a smoking cessation program
© Ischaki et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 6 June 2014
Many patients with mild–moderate COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), are asymptomatic. Since expressed symptoms are usually mild and mostly attributed to age, they are often underestimated [1, 2]. Thus early COPD patients usually remain undiagnosed . The aim of the study is to evaluate the rates of undiagnosed COPD cases in early stages of the disease (stage I and II according to GOLD classification),  in our smoking cessation program and to assess the effectiveness of COPD diagnosis as a motivational tool for quitting smoking.
Materials and methods
551 current smokers, aged ≥18 years old, attended voluntarily the smoking cessation program in our outpatient smoking cessation clinic. All smokers performed spirometry. Behavioral counseling and pharmacotherapy with varenicline were administered to all participants.
COPD smokers that attended our Smoking Cessation Clinic
Abstinence rates after 3 months *
A smoking cessation program is a great opportunity to identify undiagnosed COPD cases. COPD diagnosis is an effective motive to quit smoking. Smoking cessation combined with treatment based on COPD severity can modify the progression of the disease. Namely the rate of yearly FEV1 decline and COPD exacerbations are reduced after smoking cessation and patients’ health related quality of life is improved. The above effects are maximized when smoking cessation is achieved in early COPD stages [5, 6]
- Akamatsu K, Yamagata T, Kida Y, Tanaka H, Ueda H, Ichinose M: Poor sensitivity of symptoms in early detection of COPD. COPD. 2008, 5 (5): 269-73. 10.1080/15412550802363303.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Buffels J, Degryse J, Heyrman J, Decramer M, DIDASCO Study: Office spirometry significantly improves early detection of COPD in general practice: the DIDASCO Study. Chest. 2004, 125 (4): 1394-9. 10.1378/chest.125.4.1394.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Miravitlles M, Soriano JB, García-Río F, Muñoz L, Duran-Tauleria E, Sanchez G, Sobradillo V, Ancochea J: Prevalence of COPD in Spain: impact of undiagnosed COPD on quality of life and daily life activities. Thorax. 2009, 64 (10): 863-8. 10.1136/thx.2009.115725.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Global Strategy for the diagnosis, management and prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). 2012Google Scholar
- Decramer M, Cooper CB: Treatment of COPD: the sooner the better?. Thorax. 2010, 65 (9): 837-41. 10.1136/thx.2009.133355.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Price D, Freeman D, Cleland J, Kaplan A, Cerasoli F: Earlier diagnosis and earlier treatment of COPD in primary care. Primary Care Respiratory Journal. 2011, 20 (1): 15-22. 10.4104/pcrj.2010.00060.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.