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  1. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4500 chemicals which have toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. Strong evidences have shown that current smokers take a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular disea...

    Authors: Zijing Zhou, Ping Chen and Hong Peng
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:35
  2. Hard core smokers have been studied in many countries but only a few trials have compared the effectiveness of smoking cessation with other smokers. The objective of this study was to compare the frequencies o...

    Authors: B. Joly, P. D’Athis, L. Gerbaud, J. Hazart, J. Perriot and C. Quantin
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:34
  3. Tobacco use prevalence is elevated among people with mental illnesses, leading to elevated rates of premature smoking-related mortality. Opportunities to encourage smoking cessation among them are currently un...

    Authors: Matthijs Blankers, Renate Buisman, Petra Hopman, Ronald van Gool and Margriet van Laar
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:32
  4. Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). For current smokers who are diagnosed with COPD, their first treatment option is to stop smoking. Motivation is necessary for lo...

    Authors: I. Aumann, L. Tedja and J. M. Graf von der Schulenburg
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:31
  5. Health warning labels (HWL) on tobacco products help educate smokers about the health effects from smoking; however, there is a need to improve HWL content including images and text to increase effectiveness. ...

    Authors: Ryan David Kennedy, David Hammond, Marlee M. Spafford, Ornell Douglas, Julie Brûlé, Geoffrey T. Fong and Annette S. H. Schultz
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:30
  6. We aimed to investigate the immediate respiratory effects of cigar smoking(CS), among young smokers with and without mild asthma.

    Authors: Andreas S. Lappas, Efstathia M. Konstantinidi, Anna S. Tzortzi, Chara K. Tzavara and Panagiotis K. Behrakis
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:29
  7. To prevent adolescents from becoming smokers, it is essential to understand factors that cause them to become susceptible to smoking (SS). The aim of this study was to examine association between individual an...

    Authors: Kinga Polańska, Piotr Wojtysiak, Leokadia Bąk-Romaniszyn and Dorota Kaleta
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:28
  8. Tobacco use and the exposure to tobacco smoke is one of the most preventable causes of death and disability globally. The risk is even higher among daily tobacco users. The World Health Organization (WHO) has ...

    Authors: Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Gerald Mutungi, Ronald Wesonga, Silver K. Bahendeka and David Guwatudde
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:27
  9. Varenicline is an effective smoking cessation medication. Some concern has been raised that its use may precipitate adverse cardiovascular events although no patho-physiological mechanism potentially underlyin...

    Authors: Helge Haarmann, Alexandra Gossler, Peter Herrmann, Slavtcho Bonev, Xuan Phuc Nguyen, Gerd Hasenfuß, Stefan Andreas and Tobias Raupach
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:26
  10. Health communication theories indicate that messages depicting efficacy and threat might promote behavior change by enhancing individuals’ efficacy beliefs and risk perceptions, but this has received little at...

    Authors: Erin L. Mead, Joanna E. Cohen, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Joseph Gallo and Carl A. Latkin
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:25
  11. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) functions as a major chemoattractant and plays pivotal roles in the initiation and development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and tobacco smoke is a most risk factor cont...

    Authors: Guojun Zhou, Weiqiang Xiao, Chengyun Xu, Yajun Hu, Xiaokai Wu, Fangfang Huang, Xinbo Lu, Chunyun Shi and Ximei Wu
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:24
  12. Older persons are more vulnerable to tobacco mortality and less likely to make quit attempts. Less is known, however, about the role of race and ethnicity on quit rates in the U.S. Using a nationally represent...

    Authors: Frank C. Bandiera, Shervin Assari, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman and Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:23
  13. With this letter we express our concerns about the applicability of the proposed Margin of Exposure analysis as a method of risk assessment for propylene glycol and glycerol exposure from a shisha-pen type ele...

    Authors: Konstantinos E. Farsalinos and Frank Baeyens
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:22

    The original article was published in Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:15

  14. The rising popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has been accompanied by the proliferation of vape shops in the United States. Vape shops are devoted to the sale of e-cigarettes and e-juices. This...

    Authors: Steve Sussman, Jon-Patrick Allem, Jocelyn Garcia, Jennifer B. Unger, Tess Boley Cruz, Robert Garcia and Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:18
  15. Electronic cigarette (“e-cigarette”) manufacturers use warning labels on their advertising that vary widely in content and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a warning label requirement for e-cig...

    Authors: Darren Mays, Clayton Smith, Andrea C. Johnson, Kenneth P. Tercyak and Raymond S. Niaura
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:17
  16. Tobacco use in India is a major health concern; however, little is known about the influence of tobacco-related social and environmental cues on tobacco use. This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EM...

    Authors: Dina L. G. Borzekowski and Julia Cen Chen
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:16
  17. A screening program provides a teachable moment for primary prevention such as encouraging smoking cessation. However, little is known about the efficacy of smoking cessation intervention delivered to the gene...

    Authors: Dih-Ling Luh, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Ching-Yuan Fann and Hsiu-Hsi Chen
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:15
  18. In recent years, a significant progress has been achieved globally in reduction of smoking among physicians and nurses, however, in some countries the smoking prevalence of health professionals is maintained a...

    Authors: Stavri Zinonos, Theodora Zachariadou, Savvas Zannetos, Andrie G. Panayiotou and Andreas Georgiou
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:14
  19. Many studies have explored smokers’ behavioral response to cigarette prices at the individual level, but none have factored in regional variation and determinants. This study addresses these research gaps in t...

    Authors: Tingzhong Yang, Sihui Peng, Lingwei Yu, Shuhan Jiang, William B. Stroub, Randall R. Cottrell and Ian R. H. Rockett
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:13

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:33

  20. Active smoking and exposure to passive smoke are responsible for numerous adverse pregnancy outcomes for women and their infants. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions, attitudes, patterns of pe...

    Authors: Victoria G. Vivilaki, Athina Diamanti, Maria Tzeli, Evridiki Patelarou, Debra Bick, Sophia Papadakis, Katerina Lykeridou and Paraskevi Katsaounou
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:12
  21. Adolescent students are vulnerable group for tobacco addiction. Tobacco use among school children is becoming a serious problem in developing countries. This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of...

    Authors: Ravi Kumar Bhaskar, Mukti Narayan Sah, Kumar Gaurav, Subhadra Chaudhary Bhaskar, Rakesh Singh, Manoj Kumar Yadav and Shatrughna Ojha
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:11
  22. Whereas smoking bans inside secondary school buildings are relatively widespread, a smoking ban for the outdoor school grounds is less common. Therefore, this study investigates why many secondary schools fail...

    Authors: A.D. Rozema, J.J.P. Mathijssen, M.W.J. Jansen and J.A.M. van Oers
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:10
  23. Family engagement has been shown to play a crucial role in youth cigarette use prevention and uptake. We examine cross-sectional and longitudinal data to determine whether changes in parental monitoring factor...

    Authors: Noella A. Dietz, Kristopher L. Arheart, David F. Sly, David J. Lee and Laura A. McClure
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:9
  24. The determination of smoking prevalence and its associated factors among the elderly could provide evidence-based findings to guide the planning and implementation of policy in order to will help in reducing t...

    Authors: K. H. Lim, K. Jasvindar, S. M. Cheong, B. K. Ho, H. L. Lim, C. H. Teh, K. J. Lau, A. Suthahar and D. Ambigga
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:8
  25. There has been a sustained increment in young people initiating smoking in low middle income countries like Nigeria. Health warnings on cigarette packages are a prominent source of health information and an ef...

    Authors: A. O. Adebiyi, O. C. Uchendu, E. Bamgboye, O. Ibitoye and B. Omotola
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:7
  26. The editors of Tobacco Induced Diseases would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2015).

    Authors: James Elliott Scott and Constantine Vardavas
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:6
  27. A previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Swedish National Tobacco Quitline detected no significant differences in smoking cessation outcomes between proactive and reactive services at 12-month follo...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, John Öhrvik and Ásgeir R. Helgason
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:5
  28. Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) causes significant disease and death. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of perceptions about the health harm of SHS among U.S. adults at the national and state level.

    Authors: Judy Kruger, Roshni Patel, Michelle Kegler, Steven D. Babb and Brian A. King
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:3
  29. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is an indicator of peripheral arterial damage and a low (ABI ≤ 1.0) or borderline (ABI = 1.00–1.09) value is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease events. A low ratio of...

    Authors: Kenta Okada, Kazuhiko Kotani and Shun Ishibashi
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:2
  30. Depression and anxiety are correlated with greater nicotine dependence, smoking persistence, and relapse back to smoking after a quit attempt. Menthol cigarette smoking, which is prevalent in young adults, is ...

    Authors: Amy M. Cohn, Amanda L. Johnson, Elizabeth Hair, Jessica M. Rath and Andrea C. Villanti
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016 14:1
  31. Smoking has long been positively associated with the development and progression of coronary heart disease. However, longitudinal cohort studies evaluating smoking habits among cardiac patients as well as the ...

    Authors: Venetia Notara, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Semina Kouroupi, Ifigenia Stergiouli, Yannis Kogias, Petros Stravopodis, George Papanagnou, Spyros Zombolos, Yannis Mantas, Antonis Antonoulas and Christos Pitsavos
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:38
  32. Primary care providers are uniquely positioned to initiate smoking cessation. We aimed to evaluate knowledge levels about the health effects of smoking and attitudes toward smoking and tobacco control activiti...

    Authors: Cemil Isik Sonmez, Leyla Yilmaz Aydin, Yasemin Turker, Davut Baltaci, Suber Dikici, Yunus Cem Sariguzel, Fatih Alasan, Mehmet Harun Deler, Mehmet Serkan Karacam and Mustafa Demir
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:37
  33. The traditional type of smokeless tobacco used in the Arabian Peninsula, particularly common in Yemen, is called shammah. This study aims to determine the prevalence of shammah use and its association with the...

    Authors: Badr Al-Tayar, Mon Mon Tin-Oo, Mohd Zulkarnian Sinor and Mohammed Sultan Alakhali
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:35
  34. The relationship between the use of snus and lifestyle-related habits – especially in adolescence, when these behaviours begin and become established – is not widely studied. Our aim was to analyse association...

    Authors: Battsetseg Tseveenjav, Paula Pesonen and Jorma I. Virtanen
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:34
  35. Research demonstrates that individuals in substance abuse treatment are more likely to die from tobacco addiction than from their primary addiction, yet historically substance abuse treatment has not included ...

    Authors: David Krauth and Dorie E. Apollonio
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:33
  36. China is the largest producer and consumer of tobacco in the world. Considering the constantly growing urban proportion, persuasive tobacco control measures are important in urban communities. Television, as o...

    Authors: Xianglong Xu, Tao Gong, Yong Zhang, Chengbin Wu, Yao Jie Xie, Harry HX Wang, Runzhi Zhu, Wentao Li, Libin An and Yong Zhao
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:31
  37. Studies have demonstrated that secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure could impair endothelial function. However, the effect of SHS exposure specifically on microvascular endothelial function is not well understood. ...

    Authors: Zulkefli Sanip, Siti Hajar Mohd Hanaffi, Imran Ahmad, Siti Suhaila Mohd Yusoff, Aida Hanum Ghulam Rasool and Harmy Mohamed Yusoff
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:32
  38. Evidence on the association of leptin and adiponectin and smoking is limited and discordant. Leptin and adiponectin represent the most abundant adipokines in human plasma that play crucial roles in the pathoph...

    Authors: Maria Kryfti, Katerina Dimakou, Michail Toumbis, Zoe Daniil, Chryssi Hatzoglou and Konstantinos I. Gourgoulianis
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:30
  39. This paper describes fidelity monitoring (treatment differentiation, training, delivery, receipt and enactment) across the seven National Institutes of Health-supported Consortium of Hospitals Advancing Research ...

    Authors: Sonia A. Duffy, Sharon E. Cummins, Jeffrey L. Fellows, Kathleen F. Harrington, Carrie Kirby, Erin Rogers, Taneisha S. Scheuermann, Hilary A. Tindle and Andrea H. Waltje
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:29
  40. Smoking and chronic kidney disease are major public health problems with common features -high prevalence and mortality, high cardiovascular risk, gender differences and high prevalence in low income people-, ...

    Authors: Maria M. Alba, Alicia N. Citarelli, Fernanda Menni, Maria Agricola, Alejandra Braicovich, Eduardo De Horta, Fernando De Rosa, Graciela Filanino, Raul Gaggiotti, Nelson Junqueras, Sandra Martinelli, Adriana Milan, Mabel E. Morales, Silvia Setti and Daniel O. Villalba
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:28
  41. Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and smoking cessation is the only intervention that slows disease progression. It is important to know whether current factors r...

    Authors: Anne Lindberg, Benjamin Niska, Caroline Stridsman, Britt-Marie Eklund, Berne Eriksson and Linnea Hedman
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:27
  42. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) are extensively used methods to measure the severity of nicotine dependence among smokers. The primary objective of the s...

    Authors: Umesh Raj Aryal, Dharma Nand Bhatta, Nirmala Shrestha and Anju Gautam
    Citation: Tobacco Induced Diseases 2015 13:26